This grapefruit-sized fruit actually grows on a climbing cactus. Its spongy pulp is white or sometimes pinkish red, sweet and juicy with numerous tiny edible black seeds scattered throughout
Actually a tuber, the sunchoke looks like a small, bumpy potato or ginger root. The knobby, thin-skinned exterior is usually tannish-gold to cream colored but some varieties are reddish or purplish.
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Guava leaves are available year round.
The guava tree is an evergreen and member of the Myrtaceae family.
The oblong leaves of the guava tree are smooth and leathery with faint white veins. Dried and crushed leaves will have a faint aroma similar to that of the guava fruit.
Guava leave are currently being studied for their ability to help lower cholesterol and treat symptoms of diarrhea as well as for their ability to help prevent and treat type 2 diabetes.
Guava leaves are used predominantly to make medicinal teas and supplements.
In parts of Japan and East Asia the guava leaf is commonly used to make a medicinal tea used in the treatment of diabetes.
The Guava tree is believed to be native to Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. From there the guava tree spread to tropical and sub-tropical regions of the Americas, Australia and Asia. The leaves of the tree have long been used in folk medicine to treat a number of aliments such as coughs, dysentery, skin diseases, epilepsy and cholera.